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How to fix "The Recycle Bin is corrupted" without losing data in Windows 10?

Position: How Tos - Disk Utilities - How to fix "The Recycle Bin is corrupted" without losing data in Windows 10?

Summary
What does Recycle Bin is corrupted mean? What causes corrupted Recycle Bin? How do you fix a corrupted Recycle Bin in Windows 10? You can find answers to these questions in this article. You will face various problems when Recycle Bin is corrupted, such as deleted files not showing up in Recycle Bin. Do not fret, this article provides 6 step-by-step solutions to help you fix corrupted Recycle Bin as well as explains how to recover permanently deleted files from Recycle Bin after empty in Windows 10/8/7.
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Table of Contents



Symptom and causes of "The Recycle Bin is corrupted" error

What does Recycle Bin is corrupted mean?

The great thing of Windows Recycle Bin is that if you delete important files by mistake you have the option to restore them easily. Recycle Bin is a system built-in function, and it is provided in order to give users a second chance of retrieving data. It hasn't changed too much since it appeared, and its functions are pretty much the same, hold deleted files, restore files to original location, etc. When a file gets deleted (without using Shift + Delete) from local hard drive, it won't permanently wiped from the disk; instead, it is moved to the Recycle Bin. When you find deleted files are important to you, you can open Recycle Bin and restore them to their original place before you manually empty Recycle Bin.

At times, however, the Windows Recycle Bin may get corrupted, and an error message "The Recycle Bin C:\ is corrupted. Do you want to empty the Recycle Bin for this drive?" appears. The drive letter C might be D, E or other letters depending on the actual situation. The error appears when you attempt to open Recycle Bin, delete files from internal hard drive, restore deleted files, etc. If you search for this error message on the Internet, you will find it is common among Windows users and many technical forums and communities post related questions, here is one of them:

"Hello everyone! Recently I got a weird problem in Windows 10, which seems to be a system bug. Here is story: I found that an important folder got deleted by mistake, so I wanted to restore it from the Recycle Bin. However, the file restoring thing was blocked by the corrupted Recycle Bin. The exact error message is "The Recycle Bin on C:\ is corrupted. Do you want to empty the Recycle Bin for this drive?" There are two buttons on the message box: the highlighted Yes and unhighlighted No. I really do not want to click Yes before that important folder get restored. What should I do? How can I retrieve files from corrupted Windows 10 Recycle Bin?"

Recycle Bin corrupted windows 10

What causes corrupted Recycle Bin?

It is helpful to know some common causes of corrupted Recycle Bin before proceeding with fixes. The exact reason why Recycle Bin gets corrupted in Windows 10/8/7 is not clear yet, but according to users' feedback, the issue is likely to appear due to following factors:

  • Unexpected system shutdown: Sudden power cut forcibly shuts down computer which does not have a UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply), which can bring about widespread corruption.
  • $Recycle.bin error: Each partition on local hard drive has a hidden folder $Recycle.bin. When this folder gets corrupted, Windows Recycle Bin also gets corrupted.
  • Corrupted DLL file: If the DLL file linked to Recycle Bin gets corrupted, the Recycle Bin will get corrupted too.
  • Malware or virus: Malware or virus should be responsible for many system issues, for it may infect some core Windows files and leads to system malfunction.

How do you fix a corrupted Recycle Bin in Windows 10? – 6 Methods

Method 1: Reset Recycle Bin via CMD

Here we are going to reset the $Recycle.bin folder using Command Prompt, after which the Recycle Bin will be in the status when it was originally created. Please note:

  • You need to log in computer with the administrator account.
  • Be careful when using commands, for improper operations may lead to data loss or system crash.
  • After resetting Recycle Bin, the Recycle Bin folder and all files will be deleted.

Step 1   Launch Command Prompt.

Type cmd in searching box, find Command Prompt in searching result and choose Run as administrator.

Step 2   In Command Prompt, type rd /s /q C:\$Recycle.bin and press Enter key.

Recycle Bin corrupted windows 10

Step 3   Repeat this command for other partition by replacing C with a correct drive letter.

You need to repeat this command for all other partitions on your computer, for example, if you have partition D, then execute command rd /s /q D:\$Recycle.bin.

Step 4   Restart computer after carrying out this command for all drives, and Windows will automatically create new Recycle Bin for you.

Method 2: Run the system file checker tool

System File Checker is a Windows built-in tool and it works effective to check and repair corrupted system files. Here is how to run SFC command when Recycle Bin is corrupted.

Step 1   Run Command Prompt as administrator.

You can easily open Command Prompt by typing cmd in searching box and selecting Run as administrator.

Step 2   Type sfc /scannow in Command Prompt and hit Enter key.

Then this command starts to verify the entire system files on your computer and fix errors automatically.

Recycle Bin corrupted windows 10

Method 3: Delete and reinstall Recycle Bin

Steps in this section will delete Recycle Bin folder and its all permissions, and this also leads to the loss of files in Recycle Bin!

Step 1   Delete corrupted Recycle Bin and its permissions.

  • Double click This PC icon on desktop to open File Explorer. Then click View tab > Options > Change folder and search options.
  • The Folder Options window shows up, and you can click View tab. Unselect "Hide protected operating system files (Recommended)" and click Apply and OK.
  • Go back to File Explorer and open the partition that reports corrupted Recycle Bin. Find and delete the $Recycle.Bin folder.
Recycle Bin corrupted windows 10

Step 2   Reinstall Recycle Bin.

  • Right-click on the empty area of the desktop and choose Personalize from the context menu.
  • Click Themes from the left pane and then choose Desktop icon settings on the right pane.
  • Select Recycle Bin and click OK button.

Tip: you can also try deleting Recycle Bin in Windows 10 Safe Mode. Here is how to boot to safe mode from Windows 10:

  • Type msconfig.exe in searching box and click System Configuration from searching result.
  • On System Configuration, click Boot tab > select Safe boot > click OK.
  • Click Restart button when Windows asks if you want to restart computer to apply these chances.

Method 4: Scan your system for malware and virus

It is possible that corrupted Recycle Bin issue is caused by malware or virus and removing malware and virus from your computer can help you fix the issue. As to anti-virus software, you can use either Windows built-in antivirus tool – Windows Defender or third-party solutions. Just make sure your computer gets a real-time protection. Below is how to scan virus using Windows Defender:

Step 1   Right-click on Start menu and choose Settings. Then choose Update & Security from the popup window.

Step 2   Click Windows Security on the left pane and then select Virus & threat protection.

Step 3   Click Quick Scan button on the popup window and Windows Defender starts to scan your computer.

Method 5: Install Windows updates

Some Windows 10 users report that installing system updates can fix the issue, and you can try installing system updates to get your Windows outdated.

Step 1   Right-click on Start menu to choose Settings option. Then click Update & Security.

Step 2   Select Windows Update option on the left pane and click Check for update button. Then install available updates.

Method 6: Restore system to a working time point

You might have created backups for operating systems, for example enabled Windows restore points or use third-party system backup software. What's more, you might have created more than one restore time point to record different status of your system. In this case, you can try restoring system to the latest and working time point. Just remember backup existing files in system partition, for these files will lose after system restore.

If you haven't backed up Windows OS, you can start to create backups now. Though it does not help this time, it will be helpful in future. Isoo Backup is user-friendly Windows backup software and it provides 15-day free trial with which you can verify if it meets your needs.


How to recover deleted files from Recycle Bin after empty?

What to do if deleted files cannot be found in the repaired Recycle Bin? DiskGenius can help you fix this. DiskGenius is capable of recovering permanently deleted files, videos, pictures, documents, email and other files from Recycle Bin after empty in Windows 10/8/7; it supports to recover data from a wide range of storage devices, including local hard drive, external hard disk, memory card, USB flash drive, virtual disk, RAID, etc.

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You can download is for free and follow steps below to recover permanently deleted files from Recycle Bin after empty.

Step 1   Select the partition where deleted files were stored and click File Recovery button.

This opens the Recover Files window on which you can click Start button to search for lost data.

Recycle Bin corrupted windows 10

Step 2   Scan the selected drive.

The software displays lost files during scanning and allows you to preview files, so that you can decide whether to stop scanning in advance.

Recycle Bin corrupted windows 10

Step 3   Preview and check files.

You can check if files can be recovered correctly prior to final recovery, which helps you to verify file recovery quality before purchasing the software. Double-click a file to preview it as follows, which is the most recommended way to check data.

Recycle Bin corrupted windows 10

Step 4   Copy and recover data.

Select files and folders you want to recover and choose Copy To after right-clicking selected data. Make sure lost files are copied to a partition that does not need recovering files.

Recycle Bin corrupted windows 10

FAQs on Recycle Bin corrupted issue

Why can't I empty my Recycle Bin Windows 10?

The possible reason why you cannot empty Windows Recycle Bin is that it gets corrupted. With a corrupted Recycle Bin, you will face various problems, for example, cannot find deleted in Recycle Bin, cannot restore files, cannot access Recycle Bin, etc.

Where is Recycle Bin Windows 10?

In Windows 10, each partition on local hard drive has a hidden system folder names $Recycle.bin, and you can see it after check the "Unhide" option; If the Recycle Bin icon does not show up in Desktop, you can add it easily: right-click on empty area of desktop > Personalize > Theme > Desktop icon settings > Select Recycle Bin and click OK.

How do I fix a corrupted Recycle Bin?

When Recycle Bin gets corrupted, you can fix it via a couple of solutions. You can try these solutions one by one since you do not know what the exact cause of the problem is. Here are some solutions for your reference: reset Recycle Bin via CMD, delete & reinstall Recycle Bin, run SFC, scan virus and malware, install system updates, restore system to a previous working time point, etc.

How can I recover deleted files from empty Recycle Bin?

If Recycle Bin does not hold your deleted files, you can try data recovery software which has the ability to recover permanently deleted files from empty Recycle Bin, retrieve data from formatted drive, restore lost partitions, recover RAW drive, etc.


Final thoughts

Anyone can receive the Recycle Bin corrupted error and it is important to know how to fix it without losing data. Hopefully, one of the methods above works on your case. If you want to recover deleted files after emptying Recycle Bin, you can free download DiskGenius and recover lost files.


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