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Fixed: Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Anne

Updated on Dec. 20, 2021


Position: Resource - Disk Utilities - Fixed: Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Summary
What to do when Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process? Chkdsk is a free utility built-in Windows operating system, and it can be used to check and repair bad sectors or errors in file system. This article offers 4 effective solutions to help you fix chkdsk cannot run issue, and these solutions works for PC and laptops running Windows 11/10/8/7/Vista/XP.
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"My laptop got a blue screen suddenly. When I tried to restore OS to a previous backup, I got another error, saying Windows has detected file system corruption on OS (C:). You much check the disk for errors before it can be restored. What's worse, when I started to run chkdsk command, it prompted that chkdsk cannot run because the drive is used by another process or something like that. How do I fix the chkdsk cannot run error?"

Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process

Chkdsk is a useful and free utility, and it is available for every version of Windows operating system. By running chkdsk, you can find and fix a couple of problems related to file system, storage, and disk. However, in some cases, the command cannot run and reports the message:

The type of the file system is NTFS. Cannot lock current drive. Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Chkdsk cannot run is a quite confusing message that people often get when they try to run chkdsk. How do you fix the disk may be locked by another process? The following section offers 4 ways to help you run chkdsk successfully.

Note: If the drive you are trying to run chkdsk stores important files, you should carry out data recovery first, as the disk checking process may damage files or structure directory.


Solution #1: Restart computer

In many situations, Windows has not got ready for the chkdsk producer, for example, the chkdsk is going to run on C drive. In such case, the solution is quite simple, i.e., reboot the computer.

So, you can simply type Y in Command Prompt and press Enter key. This will schedule the Chkdsk command to run the next time Windows restarts. If you want to run chkdsk at once, then restart computer immediately.

While computer is booting, chkdsk will be performed before Windows is booted. You just need to wait for chkdsk to finish. Once chkdsk successfully completes, computer should load Windows.


Solution #2: Run chkdsk in WinPE

DiskGenius supports to boot to its WinPE edition directly from Windows. And the environment where DiskGenius PE edition runs also provides Command Prompt. Thus, you can easily run chkdsk or diskpart command.

Step 1. Launch DiskGenius Free Edition in Windows and choose "File" – "Reboot To DiskGenius WinPE Version".

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 2. Wait for a while to let DiskGenius prepare for the WinPE edition.

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Click "OK" and computer will reboot to DiskGenius WinPE edition. Close all other applications and save opened documents before clicking "OK".

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 3. After booting to DiskGenius WinPE edition, click the "Start" menu and choose "Windows Command Processor". This will launch Command Prompt.

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 4. Type chkdsk C: /r/x and press Enter key.

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 5. Click "Start" menu to either shut down or restart computer.


Solution #3: Run chkdsk in Pre-boot environment

Step 1. Right-click Windows "Start" menu and choose "Settings". After Windows Settings appears, choose "Update & Security" and then select "Recovery".

Step 2. Locate "Advanced startup" section and click "Restart now" button. Then computer will restart right away.

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 3. When you see the blue screen, choose "Troubleshoot". Then select "Advanced options" > "Command Prompt". Choose an account to continue, and Command Prompt will be launched.

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 4. Type chkdsk C: /r/x and hit Enter.

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 5. Type exit and press Enter after chkdsk finished. Then you can choose "Turn off your PC" to shut down computer.


Solution #4: Use DiskGenius Free edition to check and repair bad sectors for hard drive

In addition to repairing errors in file system, chkdsk command also can check and repair bad sectors. So, some people attempt to use chkdsk to check bad sectors for hard drive. When chkdsk does not work, there is a good alternative. DiskGenius Free Edition can check bad sectors for both internal and external drives. Here is how to check bad sectors using this software.

Step 1. Install and start DiskGenius Free Edition on your computer and connect the hard drive to this computer as well.

Step 2. Select the disk you want to check bad sectors and click "Disk" – "Verify Or Repair Bad Sectors" option.

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 3. Click "Start Verify" button, and the program starts to scan the drive.

The process of checking bad sectors can take a while, and it mainly depends on the speed of the hard drive being scanned, how big the hard drive is, etc. You can see the bad sector checking progress.

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 4. Click "OK" once the bad sector checking process is done.

After DiskGenius has successfully checked bad sectors for the hard drive, you can see the results. If the hard drive does contain bad sectors, create backup for important files as soon as possible.


How to recover files from damaged volume in Windows 11/10/8/7?

Chkdsk is offered by Windows with the purpose of fix error instead of recovering data, and it repairs damaged volumes without considering whether files can be recovered. Therefore, you need to perform data recovery as soon as possible when the damaged volume contains important data. DiskGenius can scan corrupted, RAW, unformatted drives to recover lost files.

Step 1. Select the damaged volume from which you want to recover data, click "Tools" and choose "Load Current Partition Intelligently" option.

As to corrupted NTFS partition, this function will quickly load files in this drive. And you can view and preview files after files are displayed. Then copy files to another drive to finish the data recovery task. If this feature does not work, then move to step 2.

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 2. Right-click the drive and choose "Recover Lost Files".

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 3. Click "Start" button to scan the drive. The time taken by the scanning process mainly depends on the size of the volume being scanning and the speed of the hard drive itself.

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 4. Preview files to make sure whether wanted files are recoverable.

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Step 5. Copy lost files to another drive to get them recovered.

Chkdsk Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

FAQs

1. How do I run chkdsk on a corrupted drive?

The first move of repairing a corrupted drive is recovering important data. Because any repairing actions including chkdsk has the ability to further damage data. Regarding to recovering data from corrupted drives, using DiskGenius is a good choice. After that, execute "chkdsk G: /f" (replace G: with the drive letter of the corrupted drive to be fixed) in Command Prompt or Windows PowerShell.

2. How do I run chkdsk on unmounted volume?

The unmounted volume is not assigned a drive letter and the chkdsk cannot work in Command Prompt. Whereas you still can run disk checking on unmounted volume and partitions that do not have drive letters via these steps:

Step 1. Open Disk Management and locate the volume you want to run chkdsk.

Step 2. Right-click the volume and choose "Properties". Then go to "Tools" tab and click "Check" button.

3. How do you fix the type of file system is NTFS cannot lock current drive?

Follow methods given below to fix "The type of file system if NTFS cannot lock current drive" in Windows 11/10/8/7:

  • Restart computer and run chkdsk again.
  • Boot computer to WinPE environment to run chkdsk.
  • User third-party software to fix errors on hard drive.

4. What is cannot lock current drive?

The "Cannot lock current drive" error tends to occur when you run chkdsk command on a drive and the drive is being used by another process. This error prevents you from running chkdsk, and yet you can fix it via rebooting system.

5. Can chkdsk make things worse?

Sometimes yes. If the drive you want to repair is not accessible and contains important files, the chkdsk is not a suggested fix before all files are recovered. In many cases, the chkdsk repairs errors in file system and also damages files. You will find that the drive becomes accessible again, but some files are missing (or files lose names and directories). Thus, before executing chkdsk, you should scan the corrupted drive using software like DiskGenius which is efficient in retrieving data from corrupted drives.


Conclusion

When you encounter the error "Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process", you should make sure the drive to be repaired is not accessed by other applications. To finish running chkdsk, you can try solutions talked above. The point is that data backup or recovery should be done ahead of fixing corrupted drives. Should you know any other workable solutions, feel free to let us know please.


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